Canon DSLR: the ultimate photographer's guide. – (Digital gov/iad// docs/Public%20SP%%20November%pdf. I wrote earlier that. In this guide we share tips on how to use a DSLR. It's perfect for beginner photographers with their first camera. You'll be taking great photos in no time. This complete guide to photography for beginners will walk you though A black and white photo of four beginners photographers holding DSLR cameras.

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Basic principles of photography years: the digital single lens reflex camera (DSLR) The camera obscura is an example of a “pinhole camera”. What you see is what you get - this feature is particularly valuable when you want to use different types of lenses. Digital SLR Camera with Interchangeable. The basic operation of a DSLR is as follows: for viewing purposes, the mirror reflects the light coming through the lens upwards at an approximately 90 degree .

The exposure triangle is a great way to remember that three settings control the amount of light captured from any given scene. This will help you to understand that changing one setting will necessitate a change in the others. That is if you are photographing the same scene with the same exact lighting conditions.

Read here for all the information you need on the exposure triangle. Exposure happens in three steps, starting with the aperture. Not quite. The scale is as follows: Once the light has passed through the aperture of the lens, it reaches the shutter. Once the light has passed through the aperture and been filtered by the shutter speed, it reaches the sensor, where we decide upon the ISO. As you turn the ISO number up, you increase the exposure but, at the same time, the image quality decrease.

For example, I would reduce the image quality if it meant that I could prevent motion blur in my photo. For all those basics of photography, exposure is the most important. Digital photography for beginners can be confusing. You also have to learn about how your camera looks at light. The photo below was taken on spot metering mode but, if you were to take the same photo using evaluative mode, you would end up with a completely different exposure. It essentially tells you how evenly exposed a photo is.

On top of a lot of bias towards not using manual mode. This tutorial walks you through everything you need to know about choosing the right aperture and therefore depth of field for the right situation. When it comes to covering all of the basics of photography, depth of field is very important.

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The white balance changes the colour cast of the entire photo and is responsible for the overall warmth. The sooner you learn about this basic photography idea, the more accurate your photos will look.

Or why people use longer focal lengths for portraits? The crop factor has a range of effects on your photos. For those beginner photographers, research what lenses will help your field of photography first.

Water and glass are the most affected, as well as haze from the sky. Cutting out these reflections and anomalies will make for a more naturally saturated colors. For beginning photography, I will walk you through the 10 step process of taking professionally sharp photos.

What can I say about the nifty fifty? This can be picked up very cheap for most digital SLRs. The article linked is a review and guide. It will help to make them more interesting. Visual weight differs in size or weight as we know it. Shapes are very important in Photography. These are great way to use the simplest and most basic photography compositions.

These will help make triangles and vertical lines. Balance in a photo affects how we feel when we look at it. An unbalanced photo can make us feel uneasy, whereas a balanced photo will make us feel more relaxed. Want to get ahead of the beginner pack?

When this is selected, you as the photographer set the aperture and the camera will automatically select the shutter speed. So what is aperture and when would you want to control it? The aperture is the size of the opening in the lens through which light is allowed to pass whenever the shutter is opened — the larger the aperture, the more light passes through.

Therefore, a larger aperture a wider opening has a smaller f-number e. Reducing the aperture by one whole f-stop, e. Aperture is one of the most important aspects of photography as it directly influences the depth of field — that is, the amount of an image that is in focus.

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A large depth of field achieved by using a small aperture large f-number would mean that a large distance within the scene is in focus, such as the foreground to the background of the landscape below. The shutter speed, measured in seconds or more often fractions of a second , is the amount of time the shutter stays open when taking a photograph.

The longer the shutter stays open, the more light passes through to the sensor to be captured. Further Reading: learn more about Shutter Priority Mode. In program mode, you are able to set either the aperture or shutter speed, and the camera will maintain the correct exposure by adjusting the other one accordingly, i.

This gives you additional freedom that using either aperture priority or shutter priority cannot give without switching between shooting modes. Manual M Manual mode is exactly what it sounds like, you are given full control over the exposure determination, setting both the aperture and shutter speed yourself. The term originated in film photography, where film of different sensitivities could be used depending on the shooting conditions, and it is no different in digital photography.

This will give you images of the highest quality, with very little grain or noise. A high ISO number, such as ISO , will increase the sensitivity of the sensor, effectively multiplying the small amount of available light to give you a correctly exposed image. This multiplication effect comes with a side effect of increased noise on the image, which looks like a fine grain, reducing the overall image quality.

This image was taken as the sun was going down, meaning there was not much ambient light. Outside on a sunny day, select ISO and see how it goes. If it clouds over, maybe select an ISO between If you move indoors, consider an ISO of around or above these are approximate starting points.

Auto-ISO is a very useful tool when starting out with your camera, as it is allows you to define an upper limit i.


They all control either the amount of light entering the camera aperture, shutter speed or the amount of light required by the camera ISO for a given exposure.

Therefore, they are all linked, and understanding the relationship between them is crucial to being able to take control of your camera. A change in one of the settings will impact the other two. Therefore, to balance the exposure, you could do the following: Situation 1: Reduce the shutter speed by a factor of 4, i.

Situation 2: Reduce the ISO by a factor of 4, i. Aperture, shutter speed and ISO are all facotrs that influence your exposure, and are all linked. They all have the net effect of reducing the amount of light by a factor of 4, countering the change in aperture.

Further Reading: Read more about the Exposure Triangle. Master Metering Through out all of the above discussion, I have said that the camera calculates the exposure depending on the amount of available light, but what is it actually doing?

You are now focusing on the object that the focal point is positioned when it produces the red blink If you have focused on the right image you can shoot the photo 5. This does not mean that the settings are more complex; after you get used to them you will start enjoying the changes in quality of the photos you are going to produce. Go through each setting of the camera without altering it. Familiarize yourself with the terms indicated.

Do not be afraid to switch your camera from its default setting. I will guide you on exactly what to use in different setups. It is indicated by an M Mode. You just need to turn it on before you start using your camera. These are the reasons you should use Manual mode. This setting will allow you to control other camera settings such as shutter speed and F value.

You will be able to control exposure time when using manual mode to make your images more colorful When you have your camera in your hand do not fear. Think of producing images that will amaze other professional photographers.

They refer to the film speed. Though the camera is digital, the ISO settings will help you make the image sensor to be more sensitive to the light during photo shooting. For example an ISO of about or is the best while taking photos in sunny areas. You will see this number if you check at the back of the LCD screen. Several F values are indicated on the camera. This is the tip… A high F number will increase the focus area of the camera.

Understanding Shutter speed on your camera Shutter speed basically means the time you will require to hold your shutter open to take a perfect photo. There are two types of shutter speeds in most DSLR cameras; the fast and slow shutters. DSLR cameras have a shutter priority that allows you to choose the shutter speed. Note this… The shutter speed will allow light to the camera image sensor It should be varied depending on the type of photo you want to shoot High shutter speed require use of a tripod to avoid shaking while shooting the photo At night you should always use slow shutter speed.

During the day when you want sharp images during the day use fast shutter speed Exposing shots To get a detailed image you must learn how to expose your camera. For example in a blue sky, it is possible to capture the image of a bird with details of its feathers. You only need to take the most part of the exposure to the clear blue sky. When you do this, you will avoid shadows that may form hindering the bird details.

This feature is only available when you turn your lens to manual focus. Depending on whether your camera is Nikon or canon you should rotate the focus ring to the right or the left. Here is the best way to ensure you make the best infinity shot Switch the camera to manual focus from automatic focus Turn the focus ring to the infinity symbol Make sure the aperture f is set to the maximum value Use tripod stands when using the high F number Focus the lens to the distant object you want to shoot until it is in a sharp focus Take the shot Partial metering This is a canon photography tip.

Canon camera has this mode that is useful in measuring subject brightness giving you a chance to take the correct exposure. It takes the exposure in about 6.

If you are shooting a dark subject in a bright background it is highly advisable to switch to partial metering mode to produce a detailed image of the subject. Here is the deal… Change your camera to partial metering anytime you are shooting a brighter background than the subject.

Partial metering is the solution to back lighting problems. After you are through with shooting in the areas with backlighting problems remember to switch back to the cameras default setting.

Spot metering Spot metering is a characteristic mode in the Nikon cameras. It is the feature that will help you in taking photo in low light areas similar to partial metering.

Switch to this mode if you are using the Nikon cameras in low light areas. It helps professional photographers to get a quick presentation of the tonal range in the image they are shooting. The graphical presentation tones the images from black to white on the right.

A high graph represents more pixels at that specific point of the image. The histogram will tell you what you have underexposed or overexposed. It is this knowledge that will help you know whether you need to take another shot of the photo. Here is exactly what you should do: Switch your camera to playback mode Check the spectrums on the histograms to note the dramatic spikes If you see several spikes you should know that the sections are mainly black or white and this may have left some details of the photos After following the four steps, you should know whether you have overexposed or underexposed your photo.

The Ultimate Guide to Learning how to use Your first DSLR

Take control of the white balance settings and shutter release as you take the next shot. This is what will give you a perfect image. It is a feature that allows you to take three shots quickly, where your camera automatically vary the exposure without you necessarily changing the manual setting between the frames. This gives you three very similar images in terms of composition but at different exposures. For example: When your camera is in continuous shooting mode, hold the shutter down for the three continuous shots.

If you are using a single shot mode, you have to depress your shutter three times.

Check out the DSLR camera manual for your camera to understand how it works. Canon photography tips In canon you will find the automatic exposure bracketing in the menu. Use it to make variations between the shots. It is advisable to use the one stop variation.

This is what you will use to vary the Automatic Exposure Bracketing setting. Use this setting in aperture priority mode or in the shutter priority mode. White balance You have to set the correct white balance in the digital camera as a way of ensuring the white images are correctly displayed. Why do you need check white balance when taking your shots? One thing you need to know is images taken at different sources of light will show different colors.

This should set an alarm that the image you shot at a cinema hall, the horizon or in areas covered with snow will require you to adjust your camera settings so that you produce perfect color mixture. If you are taking shots in places with fluorescent lightings, you might find them with a bluish cast due to this light, incandescent bulbs add a yellowish tinge to the lining of the images. All this will be solved by adjusting the white balance.Through out all of the above discussion, I have said that the camera calculates the exposure depending on the amount of available light, but what is it actually doing?

AF-S — autofocus-single. The term originated in film photography, where film of different sensitivities could be used depending on the shooting conditions, and it is no different in digital photography.

Therefore, they are all linked, and understanding the relationship between them is crucial to being able to take control of your camera. Here are a couple of awesome practical photos shooting tips on holding your camera: Avoid strong grip of the camera. When you half-press the shutter, focus will be acquired and locked on to a given subject. But, just take it one step at a time.